The assumption that childbirth is intended to be deal with by the medical institution is the modern epistemé.
In a general sense, contemporary progress, as well as much of contemporary social dilemma, may be attributed to the industrial revolution. The home was replaced by the factory as the basic unit of industrial productivity. The loss of the domestic industry quickly changed the role of the woman and deprived her of customary share to the economic productivity of the family within the home. This coupled with being denied educational advancement and employment beyond the home meant everything that the woman had forfeited her dominion over whatever she may have had. The Victorian ideal of pure womanhood in this context produced its most “artfully ingenious expression in such sentimentalised fantasies as feminine weakness, fragility, respectability, prudish modesty and propriety.”(Wooden 1961).